And he moves into the top 15 of The Race to Dubai who will split the $7,500,000 bonus pool at the end of the season.
Tired after a long stint in America, Garcia took four weeks off before the tournament and said: "They were mother's milk for me - obviously they worked.
"It's hard to say that you expect to fire like I did, but I was feeling good and I've been improving all year."
So he has. He had top-12 finishes in the last three Majors and lost a five-hole play-off to compatriot Pablo Larrazabal at the BMW International Open in Munich in June.
It was another Spaniard who came runner-up to him this time. Fernandez-Castaño, out of action for much of the season with back trouble, had a 64 to take second place on 16 under.
The field all knew teeing off that they were probably playing for second place.
“I’m very happy with my result,” said Fernandez-Castaño. “I knew that reaching Sergio was going to be complicated and my goal was to be second so I could secure my card for next year. I made it so I’m very happy.
“When I started off so well I thought I could put pressure on Sergio but I saw that he was doing the same thing so I concentrated on being second. When such a good friend wins, you feel very happy for him”
Even though Fernandez-Castaño went to the turn in a best-of-the-week 29 with an eagle and five birdies, Garcia had resumed eight in front.
And, with birdies of his own at the fourth, fifth, eighth and ninth, he was cruising.
The former Ryder Cup star, who has to be fancied for a return to the side after this, started for home with two more, then picked up further shots at the 14th and 15th.
His one error came when he failed to get up and down from sand on the 17th, but his approach to the 424 yard last almost went in for eagle.
"I would like to thank not only my family and friends, but also my sponsors, everyone that's around me, for supporting me through two tough years," he said.
"They have stuck with me and believed in me and I'm happy to be able to pay them back with this victory.
"At the beginning of the week there's always a little extra pressure because you want to do well in front of your home fans and on your home course.
"But I felt really good and it showed. Hopefully I can keep moving forward, but there are still some things I can improve on."